The centerpiece of the Confederation Square, the National War Memorial, also known as “The Response,” dominates the space and serves as a major tourist attraction. Under the memorial’s granite arch stand bronze military figures representing the Canadians who fought in World War I. They are watched over by two figures representing peace and freedom mounted on the top of the arch.
Right in front of the National War Memorial is the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, a second monument that holds the remains of an unidentified soldier fallen during WWI in France. The soldier's remains were set to rest with full military honors, and the tomb, in the form of a granite sarcophagus, is intended to honor Canadians who have died in conflict. The square has become an important ceremonial center in Ottawa and is recognized as a National Historic Site of Canada. Guided tours of Ottawa usually include a stop in Confederation Square.